Tashkent is one of the largest cities in Central Asia, the capital of the sovereign Republic of Uzbekistan. The city is located in the foothills of the Tien Shan range, in the valley floodplain of the Chirchik River. In good weather, the mountains are visible from the city on the northeastern horizon.
Upon arrival here, you are initially disappointed to see that Tashkent is not at all a city from the “Thousand and One Nights”. However, after experiencing the initial shock of the abundance of Soviet architecture, you begin to understand that the city is not only what is immediately noticeable. A considerable part of its attractions has been preserved, and at the same time Tashkent has turned into the colorful capital of Uzbekistan of the XXI century.
The population of Tashkent is approaching 2.5 million people. Government institutions, institutions of the National Academy of Sciences, numerous museums, monuments of ancient history and culture of Uzbekistan are concentrated here.
Tashkent is surrounded by greenery, because almost half of its territory is occupied by parks, gardens and squares. In these shady corners of the sunny city there are entertainment centers with attractions, a zoo, a water park, and the famous botanical garden.
The doors of hotels of all price categories are open for tourists, numerous restaurants, cafes and choyhons offer a dizzying Uzbek dastarkhan, and noisy oriental bazaars amaze with an abundance of all kinds of sweets, ripe fruits and fragrant spices.
History of Tashkent
In ancient times Tashkent was called Chach. The earliest mention of it is found in the Chinese chronicle of the II century BC . It was a thriving trading city on the Great Silk Road from China to the Mediterranean. The invasion of the Arabs in the VIII century turned it into ruins. The army under the green banner of the Prophet Muhammad overthrew the Zoroastrianism professed here and established Islam. Since there is no “H” sound in the Arabic pronunciation, the conquerors called the restored city ash-Shash, then Shash-Khen. By the IX century, the final sound of the name of the capital of the region was established – Tashkent.
In the Middle Ages, the city was part of the empire of Timur (Tamerlane). At the end of the XVIII century, the ruler Yunus Khoja proclaimed the city and vast lands in the district a Tashkent state, but it did not last long, and was defeated by the neighboring Kokand Khanate. Then the crowded city was surrounded by a fortress wall two dozen kilometers long.
In the 60s of the XIX century, the British Empire actively expanded its zone of influence in Central Asia. The Russian Emperor Alexander II decided to forestall the British, and sent an army to the eastern borders of his country with an order to seize the scattered border khanates, and to annex the conquered lands to the empire. Tashkent became the center of the Turkestan region, and after the 1917 revolution and bloody clashes with the Bolshevik troops, it became the capital of the Turkestan Soviet Republic.
During the war with the German Nazis, Tashkent became one of the centers of evacuation of the population and industrial enterprises from the territories of the Soviet Union, where military operations were conducted.
On September 1, 1991, the city was proclaimed the capital of independent Uzbekistan.